Faculty Bio

Bruce Smith, Ph.D.

Professor of Biology


  • B.S., Arkansas State University
  • M.S., University of Mississippi
  • Ph.D., University of South Carolina


  • BIO 152 BIO II
  • BIO 304, BOTANY
  • BIO 400. Senior Thesis

Research Interests

  • Study of Angiosperm species by using a clearing technique to determine the morphology of a species ovule development i.e., megasprogenesis and megagametogenesis.
  • Delineation of local wetland areas both those listed on wetland maps and those that are not listed.
  • Wetland mitigation observations to determine the extent of the mitigation as per governmental mandates applied to the mitigation site.


  • Tri Beta, Biology Honors, Arkansas State University, 1963
  • National Science Foundation Fellowships, University of Mississippi, 1963-64
  • Summer Research Grants, University of South Carolina, 1969-71
  • Received Professional Service and Leadership Award, York College Alumni Association, 1991

Recent Publications

  • Haring, J., and B. Smith. 2009. Stage of Ovule Development in Arabidopsis thaliana ecotypes as Determined by Measuring the Pistil Length. PA.Acad. Sci. Vol 82; Abstract and Index Issue.
  • Amato D. and B. Smith. 2010. Does the Environment Affect the Size of the Female Megagametophyte Stages in Arabidopsis thaliana (L) Heynh ecotypes? PA.Acad. Sci. Vol 83; Abstract and Index Issue.
  • Braightmeyer K. and B. Smith. 2010.Water Quality Analysis of the Golden Tract West Wetland Mitigation at New Brittany. PA.Acad. Sci. Vol 83; Abstract and Index Issue.
  • Syed, B. and B. Smith 2011. Descriptions and Measurements of early Ovule Development through Megagametogenesis in Ranunculus repens L. –Ranunculaceae. PA.Acad.Sci. Vol 84. Abstract and Index Issue.